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Application of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA-SO3H) as a heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalyst for the formylation of alcohols and amines under solvent-free conditions

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Abstract

Herein, formylation of structurally different amines and alcohols with ethyl formate was carried out in the presence of a catalytic proportion of sulfonic acid supported on polydopamine (PDA)-encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a heterogeneous, recyclable, and greatly efficient catalyst; this method provided the corresponding N-formyl compounds in good to excellent yields under solvent-free conditions. The magnetically catalytic system was recovered, by-passing the time-consuming filtration operation using an external magnet device. This procedure also increases the purity of the product and promises economic and ecological advantages. Furthermore, the recovery and reuse of the catalyst was demonstrated five times without detectable loss in the activity.

Graphical abstract: Application of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA-SO3H) as a heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalyst for the formylation of alcohols and amines under solvent-free conditions

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Feb 2017, accepted on 10 May 2017 and first published on 11 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00417F
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Application of polydopamine sulfamic acid-functionalized magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA-SO3H) as a heterogeneous and recyclable nanocatalyst for the formylation of alcohols and amines under solvent-free conditions

    S. Taheri, H. Veisi and M. Hekmati, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00417F

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