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A new rod-shaped BODIPY-acetylene molecule for solution-processed semiconducting microribbons in n-channel organic field-effect transistors

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Abstract

BODIPY-based π-conjugated small molecules have been extensively studied in various fields of sensing and biochemical labelling; however, their use in organic optoelectronic applications is very limited. A new solution-processable acceptor–donor–acceptor (A–D–A) type small molecule, BDY-PhAc-BDY, consisting of BODIPY π-acceptors and a rod-shaped 1,4-bis-(thienylethynyl)2,5-dialkoxybenzene π-donor, has been synthesized and fully characterized as a novel n-channel semiconductor in bottom-gate/top-contact organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). The new semiconductor exhibits an electrochemical band gap of 2.12 eV with highly stabilized HOMO/LUMO energy levels of −5.68 eV/−3.56 eV. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of BDY-PhAc-BDY reveals a relatively low “BODIPY-meso-thiophene” dihedral angle (θ = 44.94°), antiparallel π-stacked BODIPY dimers with an interplanar distance of 3.93 Å, and strong “C–H⋯π (2.85 Å)” interactions. The OFET devices fabricated by solution processing show the formation of highly-crystalline, one-dimensional (1-D) microribbons, which results in clear n-channel semiconductivity with an electron mobility of 0.004 cm2 V−1 s−1 and an on/off current ratio of 105–106. To date, this is the highest reported for BODIPY-based small molecular semiconductors with alkyne linkages. Our results clearly demonstrate that BODIPY is an effective π-acceptor unit for the design of solution-processable, electron-transporting organic semiconductors and easily fabricable 1-D semiconductor micro-/nano-structures for fundamental/applied research in organic optoelectronics.

Graphical abstract: A new rod-shaped BODIPY-acetylene molecule for solution-processed semiconducting microribbons in n-channel organic field-effect transistors

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2017, accepted on 27 May 2017 and first published on 29 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00266A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    A new rod-shaped BODIPY-acetylene molecule for solution-processed semiconducting microribbons in n-channel organic field-effect transistors

    M. Ozdemir, D. Choi, Y. Zorlu, B. Cosut, H. Kim, C. Kim and H. Usta, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00266A

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