A simple in situ synthesis of magnetic M@CNTs by thermolysis of the hybrid perovskite [TPrA][M(dca)3]
In this work, the incorporation of dicyanamide building blocks in organic–inorganic hybrid compounds is found to be a promising strategy for the synthesis of multiwalled carbon nanotubes embedded with magnetic nanoparticles (M@CNTs). Following a novel one-step, scalable and fast synthetic route, M@CNTs are obtained by simple calcination of the organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite [TPrA][M(dca)3] (TPrA = tetrapropylammonium, M = Ni2+ and Co2+, dca = dicyanamide). The resulting M@CNTs (M = Ni and Co) display a regular morphology and an essentially mesoporous network of ∼250 m2 g−1, whereas the Co@CNT composite displays a broad pore size distribution (PSD) up to 6 nm, Ni@CNTs show a strictly controlled unimodal PSD, centered at around 5 nm. Monitoring of their thermal decomposition by X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, thermogravimetric and spectroscopic analyses allows proposing a calcination mechanism and establishing the conditions to obtain optimal materials. Moreover, magnetization studies reveal a ferromagnetic behaviour of the obtained M@CNTs, with small coercive fields due to the size of the magnetic nanoparticles. In addition, preliminary assays of oil adsorption–desorption capacity reveal a promising potential for spilled oil recovery using this easily-synthesized materials. All these physicochemical properties make these composites good candidates for other nitrogen-rich CNT common applications.