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Controllable structure transitions of Mn3O4 nanomaterials and their effects on electrochemical properties

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Abstract

Mn3O4 with purposely tuned different morphologies, crystal structures and sizes is synthesized using a hydrothermal method with varying processing temperatures, together with the help of a surfactant. Systematic investigations, both by experimental and computational studies, into these Mn3O4 nanomaterials were conducted in order to find the most suitable morphology and a compatible electrolyte for energy storage applications. The Mn3O4 nanofibers with a tunnel size of 1.83 Å in the crystal structure show much higher volumetric capacitance (188 F cm−3 at a scan rate of 1 mV s−1 of cyclic voltammetry test) than two other morphologies/crystal structures, when using 1 M LiCl aq. as the electrolyte. It is demonstrated in this work that crystal morphology and particle size play important roles in determining the capacitance of an electrode material. In addition, the detailed structures, especially the atomic arrangements within the crystalline structure, are crucial in order to choose the most suitable electrolyte.

Graphical abstract: Controllable structure transitions of Mn3O4 nanomaterials and their effects on electrochemical properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jun 2017, accepted on 14 Aug 2017 and first published on 14 Aug 2017


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7NH00078B
Citation: Nanoscale Horiz., 2017, Advance Article
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    Controllable structure transitions of Mn3O4 nanomaterials and their effects on electrochemical properties

    Y. Hu, Y. Zhang, D. Yuan, X. Li, Y. Cai and J. Wang, Nanoscale Horiz., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NH00078B

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