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Issue 11, 2017
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Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of 64Cu acetate and 64CuGTSM

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease can involve brain copper dyshomeostasis. We aimed to determine the effect of AD-like pathology on 64Cu trafficking in mice, using positron emission tomography (PET imaging), during 24 hours after intravenous administration of ionic 64Cu (Cu(II) acetate) and 64Cu-GTSM (GTSMH2 = glyoxalbis(thiosemicarbazone)). Copper trafficking was evaluated in 6–8-month-old and 13–15 month-old TASTPM transgenic and wild-type mice, by imaging 0–30 min and 24–25 h after intravenous administration of 64Cu tracer. Regional 64Cu distribution in brains was compared by ex vivo autoradiography to that of amyloid-β plaque. 64Cu-acetate showed uptake in, and excretion through, liver and kidneys. There was minimal uptake in other tissues by 30 minutes, and little further change after 24 h. Radioactivity within brain was focussed in and around the ventricles and was significantly greater in younger mice. 64CuGTSM was taken up in all tissues by 30 min, remaining high in brain but clearing substantially from other tissues by 24 h. Distribution in brain was not localised to specific regions. TASTPM mice showed no major changes in global or regional 64Cu brain uptake compared to wildtype after administration of 64Cu acetate (unlike 64Cu-GTSM) but efflux of 64Cu from brain by 24 h was slightly greater in 6–8 month-old TASTPM mice than in wildtype controls. Changes in copper trafficking associated with Alzheimer's-like pathology after administration of ionic 64Cu are minor compared to those observed after administration of 64Cu-GTSM. PET imaging with 64Cu could help understand changes in brain copper dynamics in AD and underpin new clinical diagnostic imaging methods.

Graphical abstract: Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of 64Cu acetate and 64CuGTSM

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Aug 2017, accepted on 18 Oct 2017 and first published on 18 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7MT00227K
Citation: Metallomics, 2017,9, 1622-1633
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    Studies of copper trafficking in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease by positron emission tomography: comparison of 64Cu acetate and 64CuGTSM

    E. M. Andreozzi, J. B. Torres, K. Sunassee, J. Dunn, S. Walker-Samuel, I. Szanda and P. J. Blower, Metallomics, 2017, 9, 1622
    DOI: 10.1039/C7MT00227K

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