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Issue 6, 2017
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Metabolomic analysis of the effects of cadmium and copper treatment in Oryza sativa L. using untargeted liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry and all-ion fragmentation

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Abstract

While the knowledge of plant metabolomes has increased in the last few years, their response to the presence of toxicants is still poorly understood. Here, we analyse the metabolomic changes in Japanese rice (Oryza sativa var. Japonica) upon exposure to heavy metals (Cd(II) and Cu(II)) in concentrations from 10 to 1000 μM. After harvesting, rice metabolites were extracted from aerial parts of the plants and analysed by HPLC (HILIC TSK gel amide-80 column) coupled to a mass spectrometer quadrupole-Orbitrap (Q-Exactive). Full scan and all ion fragmentation (AIF) mass spectrometry modes were used during the analysis. The proposed untargeted metabolomics data analysis strategy is based on the application of the multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) method for feature detection, allowing the simultaneous resolution of pure chromatographic profiles and mass spectra of all metabolites present in the analysed rice extracts. All-ion fragmentation data were used to confirm the identification of MCR-ALS resolved metabolites. A total of 112 metabolites were detected, and 97 of them were subsequently identified and confirmed. Pathway analysis of the observed metabolic changes suggested an underlying similarity of the responses of the plant to Cd(II) and Cu(II), although the former treatment appeared to be the more severe of the two. In both cases, secondary metabolism and amino acid-, purine-, carbon- and glycerolipid-metabolism pathways were affected, in a pattern consistent with reduction in plant growth and/or photosynthetic capacity and with induction of defence mechanisms to reduce cell damage.

Graphical abstract: Metabolomic analysis of the effects of cadmium and copper treatment in Oryza sativa L. using untargeted liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry and all-ion fragmentation

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Nov 2016, accepted on 27 Feb 2017 and first published on 27 Feb 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6MT00279J
Citation: Metallomics, 2017,9, 660-675
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    Metabolomic analysis of the effects of cadmium and copper treatment in Oryza sativa L. using untargeted liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry and all-ion fragmentation

    M. Navarro-Reig, J. Jaumot, B. Piña, E. Moyano, M. T. Galceran and R. Tauler, Metallomics, 2017, 9, 660
    DOI: 10.1039/C6MT00279J

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