Quantitative measurement of intracellular HDAC1/2 drug occupancy using a trans-cyclooctene largazole thiol probe
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) regulate diverse cellular processes, and are promising targets for a number of diseases. Here we describe the design and utilization of a largazole-based chemical probe to quantitatively measure the intracellular occupancy of HDAC1 and HDAC2 by dacinostat. Surprisingly, the probe was unable to enrich HDAC3 despite its nanomolar potency in a biochemical assay, further proving the necessity of cell-based target occupancy assays to understand compound potency in physiologically-relevant settings. This occupancy assay has the potential to aid the development of novel HDAC1/2 inhibitors in drug discovery.