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Issue 10, 2017
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Insights into the Giardia intestinalis enolase and human plasminogen interaction

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Giardia intestinalis is an intestinal parasite that causes diarrhea in humans and animals worldwide. The enolase of G. intestinalis (GiENO) participates in its glycolysis pathway and is abundantly expressed in the parasite cytosol; however, its localization on the surface of trophozoites and cysts has been demonstrated. Enolases from bacteria and parasites can have different functions and are considered moonlighting proteins, for example, as a cell surface plasminogen receptor. In relation to GiENO, no studies have been performed about its possible participation as a plasminogen receptor. In this work, we employed molecular docking and multiscale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to explore the possible interactions of human plasminogen (HsPLG) with the open and closed GiENO conformations. Our proposed GiENO plasminogen binding site (PLGBs) was identified at Lys266 based on the sequence comparison with bacterial enolase known to act as a plasminogen receptor. Our docking results performed with multiple MD snapshots of the closed GiENO conformation showed that Lys266 preferentially binds to the K5 domain of HsPLG. On the other hand, open GiENO conformations from all-atom and coarse-grained simulations indicated a high preference of the HsPLG K4 domain for lysine residues 186 and 188. Furthermore, we identified a potential N-glycosylation site of GiENO which suggests a possible explanation for the parasite cell surface localization or host mucin oligosaccharide adhesion mechanism. Our study constitutes the first multiscale computational study to explore the plasminogen receptor function of GiENO for its further consideration as a potential therapeutic target for giardiasis treatment.

Graphical abstract: Insights into the Giardia intestinalis enolase and human plasminogen interaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2017, accepted on 17 Jul 2017 and first published on 17 Jul 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7MB00252A
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2017,13, 2015-2023
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    Insights into the Giardia intestinalis enolase and human plasminogen interaction

    R. Aguayo-Ortiz, P. Meza-Cervantez, R. Castillo, A. Hernández-Campos, L. Dominguez and L. Yépez-Mulia, Mol. BioSyst., 2017, 13, 2015
    DOI: 10.1039/C7MB00252A

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