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Decoding the regulatory mechanism of glucose and insulin induced phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate dynamics in β-cells

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Abstract

In MIN6 pancreatic β-cells, glucose and insulin act in a synergistic manner to regulate the dynamics of Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3). However, the precise regulatory mechanism behind such an experimentally observed synergy is poorly understood. In this article, we propose a phenomenological mathematical model for studying the glucose and insulin driven PIP3 activation dynamics under various stimulatory conditions to unfold the mechanism responsible for the observed synergy. The modeling study reveals that the experimentally observed oscillation in PIP3 dynamics with disparate time scales for different external glucose doses is mainly orchestrated by the complex dynamic regulation of cytosolic Ca2+ in β-cells. The model accounts for the dose-dependent activation of PIP3 as a function of externally added insulin, and further shows that even in the absence of Ca2+ signaling, externally added glucose can still maintain a basal level of endogenous insulin secretion via the fatty acid metabolism pathway. Importantly, the model analysis suggests that the glucose mediated ROS (reactive oxygen species) activation often contributes considerably to the synergistic activation of PIP3 by glucose and insulin in a context dependent manner. Under the physiological conditions that keep β-cells in an insulin responsive state, the effect of glucose induced ROS signaling plays a moderate role in PIP3 activation. As β-cells approach an insulin resistant state, the glucose induced ROS signaling significantly affects the PIP3 dynamics. Our findings provide a plausible mechanistic insight into the experimentally observed synergy, and can lead to novel therapeutic strategies.

Graphical abstract: Decoding the regulatory mechanism of glucose and insulin induced phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate dynamics in β-cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Apr 2017, accepted on 01 Jun 2017 and first published on 01 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7MB00227K
Citation: Mol. BioSyst., 2017, Advance Article
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    Decoding the regulatory mechanism of glucose and insulin induced phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate dynamics in β-cells

    T. Samanta, P. Sharma, D. Kukri and S. Kar, Mol. BioSyst., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7MB00227K

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