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Issue 20, 2017
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An advanced selective liquid-metal plating technique for stretchable biosensor applications

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel stretchable pulse sensor fabricated by a selective liquid-metal plating process (SLMP), which can conveniently attach to the human skin and monitor the patient's heartbeat. The liquid metal-based stretchable pulse sensor consists of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) thin films and liquid metal functional circuits with electronic elements that are embedded into the PDMS substrate. In order to verify the utility of the fabrication process, various complex liquid-metal patterns are achieved by using the selective wetting behavior of the reduced liquid metal on the Cu patterns of the PDMS substrate. The smallest liquid-metal pattern is approximately 2 μm in width with a uniform surface. After verification, a transparent flowing LED light with programmed circuits is realized and exhibits stable mechanical and electrical properties under various deformations (bending, twisting and stretching). Finally, based on SLMP, a wireless pulse measurement system is developed which is composed of the liquid metal-based stretchable pulse sensor, a Bluetooth module, an Arduino development board, a laptop computer and a self-programmed visualized software program. The experimental results reveal that the portable non-invasive pulse sensor has the potential to reduce costs, simplify biomedical diagnostic procedures and help patients to improve their life in the future.

Graphical abstract: An advanced selective liquid-metal plating technique for stretchable biosensor applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jul 2017, accepted on 22 Aug 2017 and first published on 22 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7LC00768J
Citation: Lab Chip, 2017,17, 3415-3421
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    An advanced selective liquid-metal plating technique for stretchable biosensor applications

    G. Li and D. Lee, Lab Chip, 2017, 17, 3415
    DOI: 10.1039/C7LC00768J

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