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Issue 21, 2017
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A practicable process for lignin color reduction: fractionation of lignin using methanol/water as a solvent

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Abstract

In order to expand the application scope of industrial lignin, a nonchemical-reaction color reduction method was carried out. Eucalyptus kraft lignin was fractionated using methanol/water as a solvent and two fractions were obtained. The fraction with lower molecular weight was named L which presents an obvious color advantage compared with the high-molecular fraction named H. The two fractions were characterized by GPC, FTIR, TG-DTG, visible light spectrum, HSQC and 13C NMR spectroscopy and relative mechanisms regarding color distinction were proposed. The H fraction contains numerous condensed structures which resulted in high molecular weight and less reactivity. Besides, abundance in conjugated double bonds and quinoid structures determined the darker color of H. The two fractions were sulfonated to prepare lignosulfonate and the product was evaluated as a dye dispersant. The SL fraction shows an obvious advantage regarding color performance compared with the SH fraction and commercial lignosulfonate. Moreover, the SL fraction presents favorable dispersibility and high temperature stability.

Graphical abstract: A practicable process for lignin color reduction: fractionation of lignin using methanol/water as a solvent

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jul 2017, accepted on 14 Sep 2017 and first published on 21 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01974B
Citation: Green Chem., 2017,19, 5152-5162
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    A practicable process for lignin color reduction: fractionation of lignin using methanol/water as a solvent

    H. Zhang, Y. Bai, B. Yu, X. Liu and F. Chen, Green Chem., 2017, 19, 5152
    DOI: 10.1039/C7GC01974B

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