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Issue 10, 2017
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The salted radish takuan-zuke shows antihypertension effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats

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Abstract

Recently, we reported that the antihypertensive compound, γ-aminobutyrate (GABA), increases over time during the dehydration of salted radish, known as takuan-zuke, a popular pickle in Japan. The objective of this study was to clarify the antihypertensive effects of takuan-zuke. We prepared two types of takuan-zuke by sun-drying (hoshi takuan-zuke) and salt-pressing (shio-oshi takuan-zuke) using dehydration processes. The oral administration of takuan-zuke lowered systolic blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Shio-oshi takuan-zuke (SR) demonstrated a clear antihypertension effect compared with hoshi takuan-zuke (DR), despite equal GABA concentrations in the feed. Furthermore, takuan-zuke demonstrated angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition in vitro. These findings indicated that takuan-zuke contains unknown substances that have hypotensive actions independent of GABA. Further evaluation revealed that takuan-zuke contains polyphenols, arginine, and α-linolenic acid as possible antihypertensive factors. Collectively, our results suggest that the salty Japanese food takuan-zuke has antihypertensive effects in vivo, likely involving complex mechanisms.

Graphical abstract: The salted radish takuan-zuke shows antihypertension effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2017, accepted on 29 Aug 2017 and first published on 31 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00890B
Citation: Food Funct., 2017,8, 3491-3500
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    The salted radish takuan-zuke shows antihypertension effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats

    K. Kumakura, R. Kato, T. Kobayashi, N. Kimura, H. Takahashi, A. Takahashi and H. Matsuoka, Food Funct., 2017, 8, 3491
    DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00890B

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