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Impact of grape pomace consumption on the blood lipid profile and liver genes associated with lipid metabolism of young rats

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Abstract

Herein, we investigated the effects of grape pomace (GP) in diet on body weight, blood lipid profile, and expression of liver genes associated with lipid metabolism using a young rat model. In this study, twenty female Sprague-Dawley rats at 7 weeks of age were randomly divided into 4 groups, which were fed modified AIN-93G diets containing 0% (control), 6.9%, 13.8%, and 20.7% of GP for 10 weeks. Feed consumption and body weight were weekly determined. Blood samples were obtained at the beginning and end of the feeding period for cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and glucose analysis. At the end of the feeding period, all rats were fasted overnight and euthanized. Heart, kidney, and liver samples were obtained and weighed. Liver tissues were used for gene expression analysis. GP-containing diet did not influence the body weight of the rats. As GP content increased, blood triglyceride and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) decreased (P < 0.05), high density lipoprotein (HDL) slightly increased but was not statistically significant, total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) significantly increased (P < 0.05), blood glucose decreased, and ALT level slightly increased. The expressions of liver genes associated with fatty acid synthesis and lipid hydrolysis/metabolism were moderately downregulated by the GP diet. The study suggests that regular consumption of a diet containing appropriate amount of GP may help in the reduction of body fat accumulation and prevention of obesity. This is the first study revealing the change in gene expression caused by long-term consumption of GP-containing diet.

Graphical abstract: Impact of grape pomace consumption on the blood lipid profile and liver genes associated with lipid metabolism of young rats

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Apr 2017, accepted on 02 Jul 2017 and first published on 03 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00542C
Citation: Food Funct., 2017, Advance Article
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    Impact of grape pomace consumption on the blood lipid profile and liver genes associated with lipid metabolism of young rats

    J. Yu, R. R. Bansode, I. N. Smith and S. L. Hurley, Food Funct., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00542C

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