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Correlation analysis of protein quality characteristics with gluten-free bread properties

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Abstract

The interest in gluten-free cereal products has increased significantly over the last number of years and there is still a high demand for high quality products. This study aims to establish possible connections between protein properties and dough and bread quality which could advance the knowledge for gluten-free product development. The objective of the present study was to correlate protein properties with bread characteristics. Therefore, a wide range of tests (solubility, emulsifying, foaming, water hydration properties) was performed to characterize a range of food proteins (potato, pea, carob, lupin and soy). Furthermore, the performance of these proteins in a dough matrix (pasting, rheology) and bread formulation (volume, structure, and texture) was analysed. Statistical analysis showed significant (p < 0.05) correlations between protein properties, dough properties and final bread characteristics. The addition of the proteins to the gluten-free bread formulation affected pasting rheological and bread characteristics such as crumb density, crumb hardness and specific volume. The addition of potato and soy protein resulted in the lowest volume with a dense crumb structure and a low consumer acceptance score. However, lupin, pea and carob containing gluten-free breads had a higher specific volume and softer and less dense crumb structure. The protein solubility (r, 0.89; p < 0.01) and its foaming properties (r, 0.97; p < 0.05) were found to be the most important protein properties with correlations significantly with dough properties and bread quality.

Graphical abstract: Correlation analysis of protein quality characteristics with gluten-free bread properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Mar 2017, accepted on 19 May 2017 and first published on 19 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00415J
Citation: Food Funct., 2017, Advance Article
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    Correlation analysis of protein quality characteristics with gluten-free bread properties

    S. W. Horstmann, M. Foschia and E. K. Arendt, Food Funct., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00415J

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