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A new on-surface synthetic pathway to 5-armchair graphene nanoribbons on Cu(111) surfaces

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Abstract

We report a new pathway to fabricate armchair graphene nanoribbons with five carbon atoms in the cross section (5-AGNRs) on Cu(111) surfaces. Instead of using haloaromatics as precursors, the 5-AGNRs are synthesized via a surface assisted decarboxylation reaction of perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA). The on-surface decarboxylation of PTCDA can produce extended copper–perylene chains on Cu(111) that are able to transform into graphene nanoribbons after annealing at higher temperatures (ca. 630 K). Due to the low yield (ca. 20%) of GNRs upon copper extrusion, various gases are introduced to assist the transformation of the copper–perylene chains into the GNRs. Typical reducing gases (H2 and CO) and oxidizing gas (O2) are evaluated for their performance in breaking aryl–Cu bonds. This method enriches on-surface protocols for the synthesis of AGNRs using non-halogen containing precursors.

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2017, accepted on 10 May 2017 and first published on 22 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FD00129K
Citation: Faraday Discuss., 2017, Advance Article
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    A new on-surface synthetic pathway to 5-armchair graphene nanoribbons on Cu(111) surfaces

    K. Sun, P. Ji, H. Zhang, K. Niu, L. Li, A. Chen, Q. Li, K. Müllen and L. Chi, Faraday Discuss., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7FD00129K

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