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An odyssey of process and engineering trends in forward osmosis

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Abstract

Forward osmosis as a water treatment option has been extensively studied in recent decades owing to its energy efficiency and enhanced performance. Even hybrid options of integrating forward osmosis with other separation technologies have been explored. In this article, forward osmosis has been comprehensively reviewed with reference to various process and engineering aspects viz., membranes, membrane fouling, contactors and their design, draw solutions, integration of forward osmosis with various other separation technologies and modeling, and simulation. Every aspect has been thoroughly reviewed and discussed in terms of development trends, in addition to presenting the future challenges and prospects.

Graphical abstract: An odyssey of process and engineering trends in forward osmosis

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Nov 2017, accepted on 28 Nov 2017 and first published on 29 Nov 2017


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00507E
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Advance Article
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    An odyssey of process and engineering trends in forward osmosis

    I. Sreedhar, S. Khaitan, R. Gupta, B. M. Reddy and A. Venugopal, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00507E

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