Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Removal of pharmaceuticals by a potassium ferrate(VI) material: from practical implementation to reactivity prediction

Author affiliations

Abstract

This study investigated the degradation of metoprolol (MET), carbamazepine (CBZ), ciprofloxacin (CIP) and hydroxy-ibuprofen (OH-IBU) in aqueous solution by a ferrate(VI) material obtained by dry synthesis according to patent WO2008065279. Ferrate(VI) had the highest reactivity with CIP, with a second-order rate constant of 89 ± 2 M−1 s−1 at pH 10.3 ± 0.3. The rate constants of ferrate(VI) with MET and CBZ under the same conditions were 3.7 ± 0.3 M−1 s−1 and 13.1 ± 0.8 M−1 s−1, respectively, while no reaction took place with OH-IBU. We also evaluated the removal efficiencies of nine selected pharmaceuticals, including MET, CBZ, CIP and OH-IBU, detected in a real hospital wastewater (HWW) with concentrations ranging from 73 ± 4 ng L−1 to 159 ± 8 μg L−1 by applying Fe(VI) technology. The abatement of the targeted pharmaceuticals depends on their structures. Because Fe(VI) captures electrons during the oxidation process, we proposed to correlate the reactivity of Fe(VI) with the first ionization potential (IP) of the pharmaceuticals. The first IP values of MET, CBZ, CIP, OH-IBU and diclofenac (DFC) were determined by gas-phase UV photoelectron spectroscopy (UV-PES). The UV-PES data were also interpreted using density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

Graphical abstract: Removal of pharmaceuticals by a potassium ferrate(vi) material: from practical implementation to reactivity prediction

Back to tab navigation
Please wait while Download options loads

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 03 Feb 2017, accepted on 03 Apr 2017 and first published on 24 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00038C
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Removal of pharmaceuticals by a potassium ferrate(VI) material: from practical implementation to reactivity prediction

    V. Peings, T. Pigot, P. Baylere, J. Sotiropoulos and J. Frayret, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EW00038C

Search articles by author