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Issue 9, 2017
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Layered silicate RUB-15 for efficient removal of UO22+ and heavy metal ions by ion-exchange

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Abstract

Remediation of water systems containing radionuclides and heavy metals is important to human health. In this work, two-dimensional layered silicate RUB-15 was fabricated by a straightforward and scalable hydrothermal method and then applied in water remediation for the first time. The layered silicate RUB-15 exhibited high adsorption abilities and efficient adsorption rates for not only UO22+ but also heavy metal ions (Pb2+ and Cd2+). The maximum adsorption capacities for UO22+, Pb2+ and Cd2+ of RUB-15 were 152, 338 and 190 mg g−1, respectively. A pseudo-second-order reaction is observed on RUB-15 and the highest distribution coefficient Kd value reached was 1.42 × 104 mL g−1. XRD, EDX and XPS analyses proved that the ion-exchange between UO22+ (or Pb2+ and Cd2+) and tetramethylammonium (TMA) cations inside the interlayer space of RUB-15 was the key adsorption mechanism. The abundant TMA cations inside RUB-15 supplied sufficient ion-exchange sites for the contaminant, and the large interlayer spacing of RUB-15 (1.4 nm) assured efficient ion diffusion rates. The multiple advantages of RUB-15, such as good dispersion in water, low cost, high adsorption capacities for heavy metal ions and UO22+ ions and efficient regeneration made the layered silicate RUB-15 a promising adsorbent in water treatment applications.

Graphical abstract: Layered silicate RUB-15 for efficient removal of UO22+ and heavy metal ions by ion-exchange

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Apr 2017, accepted on 18 Jul 2017 and first published on 19 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00366H
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2017,4, 1851-1858
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    Layered silicate RUB-15 for efficient removal of UO22+ and heavy metal ions by ion-exchange

    Z. Chen, Y. Liang, D. Jia, W. Chen, Z. Cui and X. Wang, Environ. Sci.: Nano, 2017, 4, 1851
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EN00366H

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