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Modeling oral up-take of hydrophobic and super-hydrophobic chemicals in fish

Abstract

We have extended a recently published toxicokinetic model for fish (TK-fish) towards the oral up-take of contaminants. Validation with hydrophobic chemicals revealed that diffusive transport through aqueous boundary layers in the gastro-intestinal tract and in the blood is the limiting process. This process can only be modelled correctly if facilitated transport by albumin or bile micelles through these boundary layers is accounted for. In a case study we have investigated the up-take of a super hydrophobic chemical, Dechlorane Plus. Our results suggest that there is no indication of a hydrophobicity or size cut-off in the bioconcentration of this chemical. Based on an extremely high, but mechanistically sound facilitation factor we received model results in good agreement with experimental values from the literature. The results also indicate that established experimental procedures for BCF determination cannot cover the very slow up-take and clearance kinetics that are to be expected for such a chemical.

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Oct 2017, accepted on 06 Dec 2017 and first published on 06 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00495H
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Modeling oral up-take of hydrophobic and super-hydrophobic chemicals in fish

    W. Larisch and K. Goss, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00495H

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