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Issue 12, 2017
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Remediation mechanisms for Cd-contaminated soil using natural sepiolite at the field scale

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Abstract

Remediation of heavy metal polluted agricultural soil is essential for human health and ecological safety and remediation mechanisms at the microscopic level are vital for their large-scale utilization. In this study, natural sepiolite was employed as an immobilization agent for in situ field-scale remediation of Cd-contaminated paddy soil and the remediation mechanisms were investigated in terms of soil chemistry and plant physiology. Natural sepiolite had a significant immobilization effect for bioavailable Cd contents in paddy soil, and consequently could lower the Cd concentrations of brown rice, husk, straw, and roots of rice plants by 54.7–73.7%, 44.0–62.5%, 26.5–67.2%, and 36.7–46.7%, respectively. Regarding soil chemistry, natural sepiolite increased the soil pH values and shifted the zeta potentials of soil particles to be more negative, enhancing the fixation or sorption of Cd on soil particles, and resulted in the reduction of HCl and DTPA extractable Cd concentrations in paddy soil. Natural sepiolite neither enhanced nor inhibited iron plaques on the rice root surface, but did change the chemical environments of Fe and S in rice root. Natural sepiolite improved the activities of antioxidant enzymes and enhanced the total antioxidant capacity to alleviate the stress of Cd. It also promotes the synthesis of GSH and NPT to complete the detoxification. In general, the remediation mechanisms of natural sepiolite for the Cd pollutant in paddy soil could be summarized as the collective effects of soil chemistry and plant physiology.

Graphical abstract: Remediation mechanisms for Cd-contaminated soil using natural sepiolite at the field scale

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2017, accepted on 15 Nov 2017 and first published on 15 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00262A
Citation: Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2017,19, 1563-1570
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    Remediation mechanisms for Cd-contaminated soil using natural sepiolite at the field scale

    X. Yin, Y. Xu, R. Huang, Q. Huang, Z. Xie, Y. Cai and X. Liang, Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2017, 19, 1563
    DOI: 10.1039/C7EM00262A

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