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Lithium trapping in alloy forming electrodes and current collectors for lithium based batteries

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Abstract

Significant capacity losses are generally seen for batteries containing high-capacity lithium alloy forming anode materials such as silicon, tin and aluminium. These losses are generally ascribed to a combination of volume expansion effects and irreversible electrolyte reduction reactions. Here, it is shown, based on e.g. elemental analyses of cycled electrodes, that the capacity losses for tin nanorod and silicon composite electrodes in fact involve diffusion controlled trapping of lithium in the electrodes. While an analogous effect is also demonstrated for copper, nickel and titanium current collectors, boron-doped diamond is shown to function as an effective lithium diffusion barrier. The present findings indicate that the durability of lithium based batteries can be improved significantly via proper electrode design or regeneration of the used electrodes.

Graphical abstract: Lithium trapping in alloy forming electrodes and current collectors for lithium based batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jan 2017, accepted on 05 May 2017 and first published on 10 May 2017


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7EE00244K
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2017, Advance Article
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    Lithium trapping in alloy forming electrodes and current collectors for lithium based batteries

    D. Rehnlund, F. Lindgren, S. Böhme, T. Nordh, Y. Zou, J. Pettersson, U. Bexell, M. Boman, K. Edström and L. Nyholm, Energy Environ. Sci., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7EE00244K

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