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An ion-pair receptor comprising urea groups and N-benzyl-aza-18-crown-6: effective recognition and liquid–liquid extraction of KCl salt

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Abstract

Compound 1 was designed and prepared as a heteroditopic ion-pair receptor that contains two urea groups for anion complexation and N-benzyl-18-crown-6 for cation recognition. These ion-binding domains are assembled together by the L-ornithine scaffold. Qualitative cation coordination studies of receptor 1, supported by quantitative data received for monotopic N-(3-nitrobenzyl)-aza-18-crown-6 (3a), have shown that 1 has a strong affinity for Na+, K+ and NH4+ cations. Anion binding studies revealed that in the absence of cations coordinated to 1 (TBA salts), anions are bound with a relatively moderate strength with the selectivity: BzO > AcO > Cl> NO2 > Br. However, in the presence of cations coordinated to the N-benzyl-18-crown-6 the anion binding affinity increases considerably with the notable exception of carboxylates. For example, chloride binding is increased by over five times in the presence of K+ cations and the selectivity trend for salt binding is: KCl > KOBz > KOAc > KNO2 > KBr. Liquid/liquid extraction studies revealed that receptor 1 is an effective extractant for KCl and NH4Cl salts from aqueous to organic phase.

Graphical abstract: An ion-pair receptor comprising urea groups and N-benzyl-aza-18-crown-6: effective recognition and liquid–liquid extraction of KCl salt

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2017, accepted on 21 Nov 2017 and first published on 21 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03696E
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article
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    An ion-pair receptor comprising urea groups and N-benzyl-aza-18-crown-6: effective recognition and liquid–liquid extraction of KCl salt

    M. Zakrzewski, D. Załubiniak and P. Piątek, Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03696E

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