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Microwave-assisted activation and modulator removal in zirconium MOFs for buffer-free CWA hydrolysis

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Abstract

A novel, facile and efficient method was developed for the activation of acetic acid modulated zirconium MOFs. The protocol involves briefly heating the material in water using microwave irradiation. MOF-808, DUT-84 and UiO-66 were all activated in this manner to remove the modulator and organic solvent from the framework post synthesis, with retention of MOF integrity post activation. The degree of activation was characterised by the use of TGA and NMR. The catalytic activity of the activated MOFs and their non-activated counterparts was investigated for chemical warfare agent (CWA) hydrolysis. Upon activation, an increase in the rate of hydrolysis was observed in the degradation of CWA simulant dimethyl 4-nitrophenyl phosphate (DMNP). MOF-808 and DUT-84 were also screened as catalysts for the hydrolysis of the V-series agent VM, with remarkable half-lives obtained for MOF-808 in the absence of any buffers. Currently employed MOF activation procedures involve the use of additional organic solvents post synthesis; we believe this method to be ideally efficacious for the organic desolvation of zirconium MOFs and removing modulator additives.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-assisted activation and modulator removal in zirconium MOFs for buffer-free CWA hydrolysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Sep 2017, accepted on 25 Oct 2017 and first published on 26 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03616G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017, Advance Article
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    Microwave-assisted activation and modulator removal in zirconium MOFs for buffer-free CWA hydrolysis

    Y. Kalinovskyy, N. J. Cooper, M. J. Main, S. J. Holder and B. A. Blight, Dalton Trans., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03616G

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