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Issue 45, 2017
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Hydrothermal formation of N/Ti3+ codoped multiphasic (brookite–anatase–rutile) TiO2 heterojunctions with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance

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Abstract

Mixed phased TiO2 catalysts codoped with N and Ti3+ have been successfully synthesized using a low-temperature, one step hydrothermal method using TiN as the precursor. The as prepared samples were studied for their crystalline structure, morphology, composition, and optical properties using various analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was observed that N and Ti3+ codoped TiO2 samples having mixed phases of brookite, anatase and rutile could be obtained at a wide range of hydrothermal time durations ranging from 24 h to 72 h. The as-prepared samples exhibit a distinct red shift, suggesting that N and Ti3+ codoping significantly enhances the optical absorption characteristics of TiO2. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared samples was studied using methylene blue and colorless resorcinol dyes. The prepared samples demonstrated good photocatalytic activity because of their excellent mixed phase crystalline structures and an increase in the threshold wavelength response. The mechanism of the photocatalytic degradation reaction was also studied. This work provides a novel strategy to fabricate and extend the visible light response of TiO2, which facilitates their application in the environment remediation and energy conversion.

Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal formation of N/Ti3+ codoped multiphasic (brookite–anatase–rutile) TiO2 heterojunctions with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Sep 2017, accepted on 11 Oct 2017 and first published on 11 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03268D
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 15727-15735
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    Hydrothermal formation of N/Ti3+ codoped multiphasic (brookite–anatase–rutile) TiO2 heterojunctions with enhanced visible light driven photocatalytic performance

    M. Sun, Y. Kong, Y. Fang, S. Sood, Y. Yao, J. Shi and A. Umar, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 15727
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03268D

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