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Energy storage properties and relaxor behavior of lead-free Ba1−xSm2x/3Zr0.15Ti0.85O3 ceramics

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Abstract

Lead-free Ba1−xSm2x/3Zr0.15Ti0.85O3 (BSZT) ceramics were synthesized by a solid state reaction route. The microstructure, dielectric relaxor behavior and energy storage properties of BSZT ceramics were studied. The growth of grain size was suppressed with the increase of Sm addition and kept in the submicrometer scale. Successive substitution of Sm3+ for Ba2+ disrupted the long-range dipole and promoted the increase of polar nano-region (PNR) size, resulting in the enhanced degree of relaxor behavior. The increasing PNR size also lead to the slimmer hysteresis loops and improved the energy storage efficiency. Furthermore, high saturated polarization (Pmax) and low remnant polarization (Pr) were obtained due to the formation of defect dipoles, which facilitated the switch of PNRs and contributed to the enhancement of energy storage density. The x = 0.003 sample was found to exhibit a higher energy storage density of 1.15 J cm−3 and an energy storage efficiency of 92%. The result revealed that the BSZT ceramics may be a good candidate for energy storage application.

Graphical abstract: Energy storage properties and relaxor behavior of lead-free Ba1−xSm2x/3Zr0.15Ti0.85O3 ceramics

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Aug 2017, accepted on 23 Sep 2017 and first published on 25 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03140H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017, Advance Article
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    Energy storage properties and relaxor behavior of lead-free Ba1−xSm2x/3Zr0.15Ti0.85O3 ceramics

    Z. Sun, L. Li, S. Yu, X. Kang and S. Chen, Dalton Trans., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7DT03140H

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