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Issue 44, 2017
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Trimetallic PtAuNi alloy nanoparticles as an efficient electrocatalyst for the methanol electrooxidation reaction

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Abstract

Platinum is an excellent electrocatalyst. However, the disadvantages of Pt as an electrocatalyst lie in its poor earth abundance, high cost, and poor stability due to surface poisoning. Thus it remains a challenge to find suitable alternative electrocatalysts and/or reduce the use of Pt. Herein, we report the solvothermal synthesis of bimetallic (PtAu and PtNi) and trimetallic (PtAuNi) alloy nanoparticles (NPs) with controlled percentages of individual metals. With an optimized Ni content, the trimetallic (Pt66Au11Ni23) alloy NPs show superior electrocatalytic activity (in terms of lower onset oxidation potential and higher mass activity) not only to bimetallic alloy NPs (PtAu and PtNi) but also to commercial Pt/C (20% Pt loading) for methanol electrooxidation (MEO). This enhanced electrocatalytic activity is due to the synergistic role of different metals in MEO catalysis. In particular, the catalytic activity is found to be controlled by the balance between the adsorption of methanol species on Pt and the removal of carbonaceous species from the catalyst surface by Au and Ni, as demonstrated here. The multimetallic alloy of optimal individual content thereby not only reduces the Pt content in the catalyst but also exhibits higher electrocatalytic activity than Pt/C for MEO that is desirable for fuel cell applications.

Graphical abstract: Trimetallic PtAuNi alloy nanoparticles as an efficient electrocatalyst for the methanol electrooxidation reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Jul 2017, accepted on 13 Oct 2017 and first published on 13 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02608K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 15558-15566
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    Trimetallic PtAuNi alloy nanoparticles as an efficient electrocatalyst for the methanol electrooxidation reaction

    K. Bhunia, S. Khilari and D. Pradhan, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 15558
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02608K

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