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Issue 38, 2017
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Axial substitution of a precursor resulted in two high-energy copper(II) complexes with superior detonation performances

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Abstract

The design and synthesis of explosives with high performance, good thermal stability, and low sensitivity is an important subject for the development of energetic materials. Energetic complexes have recently emerged as a promising energetic material form. As one of the representatives, [Cu(Htztr)2(H2O)2]n (H2tztr = 3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1H-triazole) was previously reported with good energetic performance, outstanding thermostability (Tdec = 345 °C) and low sensitivity to impact and friction stimuli. However, due to the existence of water molecules, its effective energy density is remarkably decreased, resulting in a diminished detonation performance. In order to further improve the detonation performance, using [Cu(Htztr)2(H2O)2]n as a precursor, {[Cu(Htztr)(H2O)]NO3}n (1) and [Cu(H2tztr)2(HCOO)2]n (2) were synthesized by the axial substitution reaction with NO3 and HCOO. The structures of 1 and 2 were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both of them exhibit high thermal stabilities and insensitivities to impact and friction. Moreover, the same DFT calculation methodology shows that the heat of detonation of 2 (3.5663 kcal g−1) is significantly higher than that of the precursor [Cu(Htztr)2(H2O)2]n (2.1281 kcal g−1). Meanwhile, the empirical Kamlet–Jacobs equations were used to theoretically predict the detonation properties of the title complexes, and the results show that 1 and 2 have excellent detonation velocity (D) and detonation pressure (P).

Graphical abstract: Axial substitution of a precursor resulted in two high-energy copper(ii) complexes with superior detonation performances

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jun 2017, accepted on 04 Sep 2017 and first published on 04 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02179H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 12893-12900
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    Axial substitution of a precursor resulted in two high-energy copper(II) complexes with superior detonation performances

    X. Li, Q. Yang, Q. Wei, G. Xie, S. Chen and S. Gao, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 12893
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT02179H

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