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Issue 40, 2017
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Bis(amidinato)- and bis(guanidinato)silylenes and silylenes with one sterically demanding amidinato or guanidinato ligand: synthesis and reactivity

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Abstract

This article deals with the synthesis and reactivity of the bis(amidinato)silylene [iPrNC(Ph)NiPr]2Si (5), the bis(guanidinato)silylene [iPrNC(NiPr2)NiPr]2Si (6), the mono(amidinato)silylene [DippNC(Ph)NDipp]SiNMe2 (Dipp = 2,6-diisopropylphenyl) (8) and the mono(guanidinato)silylene [DippNC(NMe2)NDipp]SiN(SiMe3)2 (9). The reactions studied include (i) nucleophilic substitutions, (ii) Lewis acid/base reactions, (iii) Brønsted acid/base reactions, (iv) oxidative additions (bond activations, small-molecule activations), (v) cycloaddition reactions with unsaturated organic substrates, (vi) reductions and (vii) radical formation by muonium addition. Silylenes 5, 6, 8 and 9 have been demonstrated to display unique reactivity profiles and to be versatile precursors for the synthesis of novel four- or five-coordinate silicon(II) and four-, five- or six-coordinate silicon(IV) complexes with unprecedented structural motifs. This article also deals with the structural characterisation of all the new silicon(II) and silicon(IV) compounds synthesised. Crystal structure analyses and 29Si NMR spectroscopic studies in the solid state and in solution were used to characterise the silicon coordination polyhedra of these compounds.

Graphical abstract: Bis(amidinato)- and bis(guanidinato)silylenes and silylenes with one sterically demanding amidinato or guanidinato ligand: synthesis and reactivity

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2017, accepted on 29 Aug 2017 and first published on 25 Sep 2017


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01297G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 13628-13659
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    Bis(amidinato)- and bis(guanidinato)silylenes and silylenes with one sterically demanding amidinato or guanidinato ligand: synthesis and reactivity

    R. Tacke and T. Ribbeck, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 13628
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01297G

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