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Issue 30, 2017
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Palladium(II) complexes of N,N-diphenylacetamide based thio/selenoethers and flower shaped Pd16S7 and prismatic Pd17Se15 nano-particles tailored as catalysts for C–C and C–O coupling

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Abstract

2-Bromo-N,N-diphenylacetamide (P1) prepared by reacting diphenylamine with α-bromoacetyl bromide, on treatment with Na2S and Na2Se generated in situ, has resulted in thio and selenoether ligands, L1 ((Ph2NCOCH2)2S) and L2 ((Ph2NCOCH2)2Se), respectively. Reacting these ligands with Na2PdCl4 in ethanol at room temperature resulted in their complexes [Pd(L1/L2)2Cl2] (C1/C2). P1, L1, L2, C1 and C2 were characterized by 1H, 13C{1H} and 77Se{1H} NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy and High resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS). Single crystal structures of all the five compounds were determined by X-ray diffraction. In both C1 and C2 the geometry of Pd is nearly square planar. Flower shaped Pd16S7 (size 26–50 nm) and prismatic Pd17Se15 NPs (size 20–55 nm) were synthesized by a single source precursor route (thermolysis at ∼280 °C in trioctylphosphine) from air and moisture insensitive C1 and C2, respectively. These shapes of the two nanophases were unknown hitherto. They were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), SEM-EDX and HR-TEM and found to show good catalytic activity for Suzuki–Miyaura (Pd loading 0.5 mol%; yield up to 96%) and C–O (Pd loading 0.5 mol%; yield up to 96%) coupling reactions (at 100 °C) of aryl bromides with phenylboronic acid and phenol, respectively. The complexes C1 and C2 were found very efficient for Suzuki–Miyaura and C–O coupling as revealed by their optimum loading of 0.0001–0.01 and 0.1 mol% of Pd, respectively, for the two reactions. The reuse of the complexes or NPs as a catalyst is demonstrated.

Graphical abstract: Palladium(ii) complexes of N,N-diphenylacetamide based thio/selenoethers and flower shaped Pd16S7 and prismatic Pd17Se15 nano-particles tailored as catalysts for C–C and C–O coupling

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Apr 2017, accepted on 05 Jul 2017 and first published on 05 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01279A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 10037-10049
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    Palladium(II) complexes of N,N-diphenylacetamide based thio/selenoethers and flower shaped Pd16S7 and prismatic Pd17Se15 nano-particles tailored as catalysts for C–C and C–O coupling

    P. Singh and A. K. Singh, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 10037
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01279A

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