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Issue 23, 2017
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Organoindium-modified monodisperse ellipsoid-/platelet-like periodic mesoporous silicas

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Abstract

In this study, an indium(III) silylamide complex was respectively grafted onto monodisperse ellipsoid-like (E) and platelet-like (P) large-pore hexagonal periodic mesoporous silicas (PMSs) SBA-15 to afford hybrid materials In[N(SiMe3)2]3@SBA-15E and In[N(SiMe3)2]3@SBA-15P with well-defined surface species ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2In[N(SiMe3)2], [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOIn[N(SiMe3)2]2, and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOSiMe3. Surface ligand exchange between silylamido and alkoxyl group led to the conversion of surface species ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2In[N(SiMe3)2] and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOIn[N(SiMe3)2]2 into ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2In(OR) and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOIn(OR)2 (R = Me, Et, iPr) with donor ligands thf or NH3, respectively, revealing that silylamido coordinated to the indium centre could be completely exchanged with alkoxyl groups (–OMe, OEt or OiPr). Solid-state 1H, 13C and 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance spectra and elemental analyses confirmed that surface species [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOIn[N(SiMe3)2]2 are dominant in comparison with bipodal ([triple bond, length as m-dash]SiO)2In[N(SiMe3)2] and [triple bond, length as m-dash]SiOSiMe3. The diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier-transform spectroscopy of In-modified hybrid materials directly evidenced the alteration of surface species before and after grafting of In[N(SiMe3)2]3 and surface ligand exchange. In addition, the change of pore parameters (pore diameter, specific surface area and pore volume) monitored by nitrogen physisorption also indirectly corroborated the immobilization of the indium complex and the occurrence of ligand exchanges between –[N(SiMe3)2]2 and –OR (R = Me, Et, iPr) on the surface of SBA-15. Note that the calcination of In-modified hybrid materials at 540 °C led to the formation of crystalline In2O3 nanoparticles with different sizes which were respectively located in the internal pore and on the external surface of SBA-15 due to the pore confinement effect, migration effect and shape effect of the parent support, but the long-range ordered mesopore arrays were still preserved and the crystalline structures of In2O3 were verified by powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy.

Graphical abstract: Organoindium-modified monodisperse ellipsoid-/platelet-like periodic mesoporous silicas

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Mar 2017, accepted on 07 May 2017 and first published on 08 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01132F
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2017,46, 7495-7505
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    Organoindium-modified monodisperse ellipsoid-/platelet-like periodic mesoporous silicas

    Y. Liang and M. Meixner, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 7495
    DOI: 10.1039/C7DT01132F

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