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Citric acid-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of a self-modified Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20 heterojunction for efficient photocatalytic degradation of aqueous pollutants

Abstract

A self-modified Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20 heterojunction was synthesized for the first time via a citric acid-assisted hydrothermal method. It was found that citric acid (CA) played two roles in the formation of Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20 heterojunction:enhancement of the specific surface area due to the release of many volatiles from the decomposition of CA and tuning the weight ratio of Bi2SiO5 and Bi12SiO20 in the heterojunction by forming different complex with Bi3+. Thus, a self-modified Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20 heterojunction prepared at the CA dosage of 11.25 mmol presented a I27.9:I29.2 value of 1.52 and a BET specific surface of 32.6 m2/g, 5.7 times that without addition of CA. It showed the highest first-order apparent reaction constant of 0.1694 min-1 in the photocatalytic degradation of acid orange 7 (AO7), which is 1.8, 53.0, and 2.2 times that of Bi2SiO5, Bi12SiO20, and TiO2 (P25), respectively. The capture experiments show that the main active species that degraded AO7 are not O2·- and ·OH, but h_vb^+. During the AO7 degradation, four intermediates of sulfonic acid, oxalic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, and 4-aminobenzene sulfonic acid were identified by capillary electrophoresis/capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detector. Finally, the other pollutants of Rhodamine B, p-chlorophenol, and tetracycline were also found to be efficiently removed by the Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20-mediated photocatalysis system.

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Nov 2017, accepted on 22 Dec 2017 and first published on 26 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY02272G
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Citric acid-assisted hydrothermal synthesis of a self-modified Bi2SiO5/Bi12SiO20 heterojunction for efficient photocatalytic degradation of aqueous pollutants

    L. Waiqing, Z. Wen, S. Tian, L. Shan and Y. Xiong, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7CY02272G

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