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Carboxylic acid formation by hydroxyl insertion into acyl moieties on late transition metals

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Abstract

Aqueous phase reforming of alcohols over Pt has been discussed to operate along two pathways, decarbonylation and decarboxylation. To gain a better understanding of the activity of various catalysts for decarboxylation, we examined computationally a key step of this mechanism on the 12 transition metals of groups 8 to 11, namely the formation of a carboxylic acid intermediate via metal-mediated insertion of OH into an acyl group. The trend of the calculated barriers of OH insertion parallels the oxophilicity of the metals. A separation of the reaction into two formal steps isolates OH activation as a major contribution to the barrier and, not unexpectedly, indicates a strong dependence on the OH adsorption energy. A decomposition analysis of the activation energy reveals that weaker OH adsorption also correlates with the interaction energy between the adsorbed fragments in the transition state, thus indirectly lowering the barrier for OH insertion. Metals in the bottom right-hand corner of the transition metal block studied –Pt, Au, and Ag– bind OH relatively weakly, hence feature a high OH insertion activity. We applied these findings to rationalize various experimental results and suggest catalysts for decarboxylation.

Graphical abstract: Carboxylic acid formation by hydroxyl insertion into acyl moieties on late transition metals

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 May 2017, accepted on 03 Jul 2017 and first published on 14 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00972K
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Advance Article
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    Carboxylic acid formation by hydroxyl insertion into acyl moieties on late transition metals

    B. W. J. Chen, A. Genest, A. Hühn and N. Rösch, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00972K

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