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Development of basicity in mesoporous silicas and metallosilicates

Abstract

We report herein an experimental study on the development of basicity on mesoporous silicas and metallosilicates (Nb- and Ce-) on SBA-15 and MCF porous structures. Our results demonstrated that the role of catalyst structure (hexagonally ordered mesoporous SBA-15 vs mesoporous cellular foam MCF), the effect of amount and nature of metal in the supports (different acidic/redox properties), and the effect of the type of nitrogen containing organic modifier (imidazole, triazole and aminotriazole) play an important role on the activity and selectivity in Knoevenagel condensation, which is a well-known probe reaction to determine the basicity of inorganic solids. We demonstrate that niobium Lewis acidity is determinant for the Knoevenagel condensation and also, redox properties of cerium play an important role in the basicity. In fact, acid‐base cooperation plays a positive role in promoting the Knoevenagel condensation via the ion‐pair mechanism. These mesoporous silicas and metallosilicates are interesting catalysts for the fine chemicals production due to their thermal stability and controllable acid-base catalytic properties.

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 May 2017, accepted on 09 Jun 2017 and first published on 09 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00927E
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Development of basicity in mesoporous silicas and metallosilicates

    D. Kryszak, K. J. Stawicka, M. Trejda, V. Calvino-Casilda, R. Martin Aranda and M. Ziolek, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00927E

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