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Enhanced and durable electrocatalytic performance of thin layer PtRu bimetallic alloys on Pd-nanocubes for methanol oxidation reactions

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Abstract

As a renewable and promising energy devices, direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) have attracted a wide range of interest in recent years. The design of electrocatalysts highly influences the performance of DMFCs systems. Herein, PtRu bimetallic alloy nanoparticles have been fabricated onto a Pd nanocube (NC) core material by a facile wet chemical co-precipitation method. Structural and morphological characterization of the catalyst was performed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis, energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), high-angle annular dark-field scanning TEM (HAADF-STEM) elemental mapping and temperature programmed reduction (TPR). The presence of a single TPR peak strongly supported bimetallic Pt–Ru interactions and alloying. The electrocatalytic performance of the as-synthesized PtRu@Pd-NC catalyst for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) is studied in HClO4 aqueous solution by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and it is compared with that of a PtRu/C (E-TEK) catalyst. The catalyst has shown the highest specific activity (ca. 11.44 mA cm−2 at 0.70 V), a lower onset potential and enhanced durability for MOR, which is significantly higher than the commercial PtRu/C (E-TEK) catalyst and other reported Pt/Pd-based catalysts. The results attribute to mutual interactions of the core–shell material that enhance the chemisorption of methanol.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced and durable electrocatalytic performance of thin layer PtRu bimetallic alloys on Pd-nanocubes for methanol oxidation reactions

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 May 2017, accepted on 19 Jun 2017 and first published on 05 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00923B
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Advance Article
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    Enhanced and durable electrocatalytic performance of thin layer PtRu bimetallic alloys on Pd-nanocubes for methanol oxidation reactions

    A. B. Yousaf, M. Imran, P. Kasak, F. S. Zavahir, S. J. Zaidi and C. Fernandez, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00923B

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