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Issue 11, 2017
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Study of the enhanced visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic activity of Cr2O3-loaded titanate nanosheets for Cr(VI) degradation and H2 generation

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Abstract

Visible-light-sensitive titanate nanosheets (TNSs) were synthesized with Cr2O3 successfully loaded and well dispersed on Cr(III)-TNSs by a one-step hydrothermal method for enhanced photocatalytic activity. As in our previous reports, the as-prepared samples clearly exhibited a porous flake-like structure with a large specific surface area (300–400 m2 g−1). Accompanied with the hydrothermal growth of the TNSs, the loaded Cr2O3 not only influenced the layered structure of the TNSs, but also brought about a remarkable enhancement of the visible-light response and the separation of photogenerated carriers. The XPS fitting results indicated that the Cr ions mainly existed in the trivalent form and caused a change in the binding states towards Ti and O. Based on the evaluation of the photocatalytic activity, it was found that the Cr(III)-TNSs obtained a significant improvement for RhB and K2Cr2O7 (Cr(VI)) degradation under visible-light irradiation, which was attributed to retarding the charge recombination and the effective electron transfer from Cr2O3 to TNSs. The better photocatalytic activity was obtained with an optimal content (0.5 at%) of Cr3+, and the degradation rate (Kapp) was 2.9-fold and 4.1-fold, respectively, as compared to TNSs. The samples were also evaluated in photocatalytic H2 generation with the photodeposition of Pt nanoparticles as cocatalysts. The results showed that the visible-light H2 production rate of Pt0.25/Cr(III)-TNSs (0.25 wt% of Pt) was observably enhanced under the efficient sacrificial agent/water system, giving a relatively high H2 generation rate of 473 μmol h−1 g−1 at 0.5 at% of Cr3+ content. The cyclic tests demonstrated the good stability and recycling performance of the samples. Alternative mechanisms for the visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic activity were also proposed.

Graphical abstract: Study of the enhanced visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic activity of Cr2O3-loaded titanate nanosheets for Cr(vi) degradation and H2 generation

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Apr 2017, accepted on 25 Apr 2017 and first published on 25 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00644F
Citation: Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017,7, 2283-2297
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    Study of the enhanced visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic activity of Cr2O3-loaded titanate nanosheets for Cr(VI) degradation and H2 generation

    J. Ding, J. Ming, D. Lu, W. Wu, M. Liu, X. Zhao, C. Li, M. Yang and P. Fang, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2017, 7, 2283
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CY00644F

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