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Nanofluidics in two-dimensional layered materials: inspirations from nature

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Abstract

With the advance of chemistry, materials science, and nanotechnology, significant progress has been achieved in the design and application of synthetic nanofluidic devices and materials, mimicking the gating, rectifying, and adaptive functions of biological ion channels. Fundamental physics and chemistry behind these novel transport phenomena on the nanoscale have been explored in depth on single-pore platforms. However, toward real-world applications, one major challenge is to extrapolate these single-pore devices into macroscopic materials. Recently, inspired partially by the layered microstructure of nacre, the material design and large-scale integration of artificial nanofluidic devices have stepped into a completely new stage, termed 2D nanofluidics. Unique advantages of the 2D layered materials have been found, such as facile and scalable fabrication, high flux, efficient chemical modification, tunable channel size, etc. These features enable wide applications in, for example, biomimetic ion transport manipulation, molecular sieving, water treatment, and nanofluidic energy conversion and storage. This review highlights the recent progress, current challenges, and future perspectives in this emerging research field of “2D nanofluidics”, with emphasis on the thought of bio-inspiration.

Graphical abstract: Nanofluidics in two-dimensional layered materials: inspirations from nature

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 May 2017 and first published on 19 Jul 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00369B
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Advance Article
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    Nanofluidics in two-dimensional layered materials: inspirations from nature

    J. Gao, Y. Feng, W. Guo and L. Jiang, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CS00369B

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