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Recent advances in high-performance fluorescent and bioluminescent RNA imaging probes

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Abstract

RNA plays an important role in life processes. Imaging of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and micro-RNAs (miRNAs) not only allows us to learn the formation and transcription of mRNAs and the biogenesis of miRNAs involved in various life processes, but also helps in detecting cancer. High-performance RNA imaging probes greatly expand our view of life processes and enhance the cancer detection accuracy. In this review, we summarize the state-of-the-art high-performance RNA imaging probes, including exogenous probes that can image RNA sequences with special modification and endogeneous probes that can directly image endogenous RNAs without special treatment. For each probe, we review its structure and imaging principle in detail. Finally, we summarize the application of mRNA and miRNA imaging probes in studying life processes as well as in detecting cancer. By correlating the structures and principles of various probes with their practical uses, we compare different RNA imaging probes and offer guidance for better utilization of the current imaging probes and the future design of higher-performance RNA imaging probes.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances in high-performance fluorescent and bioluminescent RNA imaging probes

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Sep 2016 and first published on 27 Mar 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00675B
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Advance Article
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    Recent advances in high-performance fluorescent and bioluminescent RNA imaging probes

    Y. Xia, R. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Tian and X. Chen, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C6CS00675B

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