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Probing the Interplay of Pauli Repulsion, Electrostatics, Dispersion and Charge Transfer in Halogen Bonding with Energy Decomposition Analysis

Abstract

The halogen bond is a class of non-covalent interaction that has attracted considerable attention recently. A widespread theory for describing them is the sigma-hole concept, which predicts that the strength of the interaction is proportional to the size of the sigma-hole, a region of positive electrostatic potential opposite a \textsigma\ bond. Previous work shows that in the case of CX3I, with X equal to F, Cl, Br, and I, the sigma-hole trend is exactly opposite to the trend in binding energy with common electron pair donors. Using energy decomposition analysis (EDA) applied to a potential energy scan as well as the recent adiabatic EDA technique, we show that the observed trend is a result of charge transfer. Therefore a picture of the halogen bond that excludes charge transfer cannot be complete, and permanent and induced electrostatics do not always provide the dominant stabilizing contributions to halogen bonds. Overall, three universally attractive factors, polarization, dispersion and charge transfer, together with permanent electrostatics, which is usually attractive, drive halogen bonding, against Pauli repulsion

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Oct 2017, accepted on 10 Nov 2017 and first published on 10 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06959F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Probing the Interplay of Pauli Repulsion, Electrostatics, Dispersion and Charge Transfer in Halogen Bonding with Energy Decomposition Analysis

    J. Thirman, E. Engelage, S. Huber and M. Head-Gordon, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06959F

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