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Issue 44, 2017
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The significance of the amorphous potential energy landscape for dictating glassy dynamics and driving solid-state crystallisation

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Abstract

The fundamental origins surrounding the dynamics of disordered solids near their characteristic glass transitions continue to be fiercely debated, even though a vast number of materials can form amorphous solids, including small-molecule organic, inorganic, covalent, metallic, and even large biological systems. The glass-transition temperature, Tg, can be readily detected by a diverse set of techniques, but given that these measurement modalities probe vastly different processes, there has been significant debate regarding the question of why Tg can be detected across all of them. Here we show clear experimental and computational evidence in support of a theory that proposes that the shape and structure of the potential-energy surface (PES) is the fundamental factor underlying the glass-transition processes, regardless of the frequency that experimental methods probe. Whilst this has been proposed previously, we demonstrate, using ab initio molecular-dynamics (AIMD) simulations, that it is of critical importance to carefully consider the complete PES – both the intra-molecular and inter-molecular features – in order to fully understand the entire range of atomic-dynamical processes in disordered solids. Finally, we show that it is possible to utilise this dependence to directly manipulate and harness amorphous dynamics in order to control the behaviour of such solids by using high-powered terahertz pulses to induce crystallisation and preferential crystal-polymorph growth in glasses. Combined, these findings provide compelling evidence that the PES landscape, and the corresponding energy barriers, are the ultimate controlling feature behind the atomic and molecular dynamics of disordered solids, regardless of the frequency at which they occur.

Graphical abstract: The significance of the amorphous potential energy landscape for dictating glassy dynamics and driving solid-state crystallisation

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Sep 2017, accepted on 19 Oct 2017 and first published on 19 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06664C
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 30039-30047
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    The significance of the amorphous potential energy landscape for dictating glassy dynamics and driving solid-state crystallisation

    M. T. Ruggiero, M. Krynski, E. O. Kissi, J. Sibik, D. Markl, N. Y. Tan, D. Arslanov, W. van der Zande, B. Redlich, T. M. Korter, H. Grohganz, K. Löbmann, T. Rades, S. R. Elliott and J. A. Zeitler, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 30039
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06664C

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