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Mutual diffusion governed by kinetics and thermodynamics in the partially miscible mixture methanol + cyclohexane

Abstract

To gain an understanding of the transport and thermodynamic behavior of the highly non-ideal mixture methanol + cyclohexane, three complementary approaches, i.e. experiment, molecular simulation and predictive equations, are employed. The temperature and composition dependence of different diffusion coefficients is studied around the miscibility gap at ambient pressure. On the one hand Fick diffusion coefficients are measured experimentally by interferometric probing and on the other hand Maxwell-Stefan diffusion coefficients and intradiffusion coefficients are sampled by equilibrium molecular dynamics simulation at five temperatures below the upper critical temperature of ~ 319 K. The spinodal curve is determined from extrapolation of the experimental Fick diffusion coefficient data and compared to predictions from excess Gibbs energy models. It is found that these models are not capable to correctly describe the activity coefficients over the whole composition range of the studied mixture. Thus, different parameter sets for a modified Wilson model are used for calculations of the thermodynamic factor, which is needed to transform Maxwell-Stefan into Fick diffusion coefficients and vice versa. Further, predictive equations for the Maxwell-Stefan diffusion coefficient, which are based on intradiffusion coefficients, are compared to simulation results. Using different approaches provides a clearer understanding of the relations between kinetic and thermodynamic properties contributing to the diffusion behavior of partially miscible mixtures.

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Sep 2017, accepted on 14 Nov 2017 and first published on 14 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06515A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Mutual diffusion governed by kinetics and thermodynamics in the partially miscible mixture methanol + cyclohexane

    T. Janzen, S. Zhang, A. Mialdun, G. Guevara-Carrion, J. Vrabec, M. He and V. Shevtsova, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06515A

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