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Exploring the effect of fluorinated anions on the CO2/N2 separation of supported ionic liquid membranes

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Abstract

The CO2 and N2 permeation properties of ionic liquids (ILs) based on the 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium cation ([C2mim]+) and different fluorinated anions, namely 2,2,2-trifluoromethylsulfonyl-N-cyanoamide ([TFSAM]), bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide ([FSI]), nonafluorobutanesulfonate ([C4F9SO3]), tris(pentafluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate ([FAP]), and bis(pentafluoroethylsulfonyl)imide ([BETI]) anions, were measured using supported ionic liquid membranes (SILMs). The results show that pure ILs containing [TFSAM] and [FSI] anions present the highest CO2 permeabilities, 753 and 843 Barrer, as well as the greatest CO2/N2 permselectivities of 43.9 and 46.1, respectively, with CO2/N2 separation performances on top of or above the Robeson 2008 upper bound. The re-design of the [TFSAM] anion by structural unfolding was investigated through the use of IL mixtures. The gas transport and CO2/N2 separation properties through a pure [C2mim][TFSAM] SILM are compared to those of two different binary IL mixtures containing fluorinated and cyano-functionalized groups in the anions. Although the use of IL mixtures is a promising strategy to tailor gas permeation through SILMs, the pure [C2mim][TFSAM] SILM displays higher CO2 permeability, diffusivity and solubility than the selected IL mixtures. Nevertheless, both the prepared mixtures present CO2 separation performances that are on top of or above the Robeson plot.

Graphical abstract: Exploring the effect of fluorinated anions on the CO2/N2 separation of supported ionic liquid membranes

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Sep 2017, accepted on 09 Oct 2017 and first published on 09 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06297D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    Exploring the effect of fluorinated anions on the CO2/N2 separation of supported ionic liquid membranes

    A. S. L. Gouveia, L. C. Tomé, E. I. Lozinskaya, A. S. Shaplov, Y. S. Vygodskii and I. M. Marrucho, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP06297D

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