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Issue 41, 2017
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The mechanism of cesium ions immobilization in the nanometer channel of calcium silicate hydrate: a molecular dynamics study

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Abstract

The cement-based matrices are preferred candidates in disposing nuclear waste due to the immobilization role of the calcium–silicate–hydrate (C–S–H) gel. To better understand the immobilization mechanism of cementitious materials, molecular dynamics was utilized to investigate the intensity distribution, local structure and dynamics properties of Cs+ ions in the vicinity of the calcium silicate surface. The strong inner-sphere adsorbed cesium ions were restricted by coordinated oxygen atoms in bridging and pair silicate tetrahedron and water molecules were fixed in the silicate channel by H-bonds network. On the other hand, the adsorption of chloride ion, repulsed by the negatively charged silicate surface, is mainly attributed to the formation of the cation–anion ionic pair near the interface. As compared with those of the solvated ions in the solution, the relaxation time of water in the hydration shell of adsorbed Cs+ is significantly increased and the diffusion coefficient of adsorbed Cs+ is dramatically reduced. Furthermore, based on the intensity profile and resident-time analysis, the adsorption capacities of monovalent cations on the C–S–H surface increase with decrease in the ionic radius, following the sequence of Na+ ≫ K+ > Cs+. This study provides a molecular-level understanding of the immobilization mechanism of different ions in the C–S–H gel pores.

Graphical abstract: The mechanism of cesium ions immobilization in the nanometer channel of calcium silicate hydrate: a molecular dynamics study

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Aug 2017, accepted on 29 Sep 2017 and first published on 29 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05437H
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 27974-27986
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    The mechanism of cesium ions immobilization in the nanometer channel of calcium silicate hydrate: a molecular dynamics study

    J. Jiang, P. Wang and D. Hou, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 27974
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05437H

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