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Issue 44, 2017
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Size effects and odd–even effects in MoS2 nanosheets: first-principles studies

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Abstract

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanostructures have been widely used as catalysts in the petroleum refinery industry for the hydrodesulfurization process, in which sulfur vacancies play a critical role in determining the catalytic activity. Here we report size effects and odd–even effects on the formation of sulfur vacancies in the triangular MoS2 nanosheets using first-principles calculations. By modeling four types of edge structures of MoS2 nanosheets, S-terminated edges are found to be energetically more favorable than Mo-terminated edges, and are then selected for studying energetics of sulfur vacancies. Two types of sulfur dimer vacancies at the center (VS@Cen) and at the corner (VS@Cnr) of the edges of S-terminated MoS2 nanosheets are modeled, respectively. Our results reveal a strong odd–even effect on the formation of sulfur dimer vacancies, particularly for small MoS2 nanosheets, in terms of the size of nanosheets that is defined by the number of Mo atoms on the edge. The VS@Cen dimer vacancy has a low formation energy at an even-number but a high formation energy at an odd-number, while the VS@Cnr dimer vacancy exhibits a complete opposite trend. These results indicate that small MoS2 nanosheets can exhibit unique material properties for catalytic applications.

Graphical abstract: Size effects and odd–even effects in MoS2 nanosheets: first-principles studies

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Aug 2017, accepted on 09 Oct 2017 and first published on 10 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05402E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 29927-29933
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    Size effects and odd–even effects in MoS2 nanosheets: first-principles studies

    P. H. Joo, J. Cheng and K. Yang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 29927
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05402E

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