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Synergistic enhancement in the drug sequestration power and reduction in the cytotoxicity of surfactants

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Abstract

Surfactants have often been employed for the sequestration of drugs from DNA. However, for an effective sequestration, the concentration of the surfactant needs to be higher than its critical micellar concentration (CMC). Use of such high concentrations of the surfactant may limit its practical usage as a sequestering agent due to its cytotoxicity. In the present study we have shown that sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) itself at a concentration less than its CMC failed to sequester a drug from DNA. However, the sequestration power of SDS at sub-CMC concentration could be enhanced to a significant extent when incorporated into Pluronic polymer micelles in the form of supramolecular assemblies. Such a sequestration process was monitored through detailed photophysical properties of a model drug using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. It has also been demonstrated that unlike a conventional surfactant, the sequestration of drugs by SDS–polymer supramolecular assemblies can be controlled by their compositions. Two Pluronic polymers with different compositions have been used to understand the effect of polymer composition on the sequestration process. It has been shown that with the increase in the length of the hydrophilic blocks of the polymer, the extent of sequestration decreases due to the decrease in the sequestering force exerted on the intercalated drug. Most importantly, our in vitro cell viability studies show that the toxicity of the SDS surfactant is reduced to a remarkable extent due to its incorporation into the polymer micelles.

Graphical abstract: Synergistic enhancement in the drug sequestration power and reduction in the cytotoxicity of surfactants

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Jul 2017, accepted on 02 Sep 2017 and first published on 04 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05042A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    Synergistic enhancement in the drug sequestration power and reduction in the cytotoxicity of surfactants

    R. Kalel, A. K. Mora, B. S. Patro, D. K. Palit and S. Nath, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP05042A

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