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Ligand-induced action of the W2866.48 rotamer toggle switch in the β2-adrenergic receptor

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Abstract

Studies focused on GPCRs, particularly on the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR), have demonstrated the relationship between ligand structure, receptor conformational changes and the corresponding pharmacological outcomes. Herein, we studied the molecular details of the rotameric flip of the W2866.48 sidechain, i.e. a presumed action switch that has not been reported in native β2-AR thus far. It is believed that although both the ‘active’ and ‘inactive’ conformers of β2-AR exhibit similar conformations of this switch, it may still play a substantial role in the ligand-induced activation of the receptor. By using both experimental methods (time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy) and molecular modeling techniques (enhanced-sampling molecular dynamics), we characterized the conformational rearrangements of W2866.48 in relation to the type of ligand present in the binding cavity and to the conformation of the receptor (‘active’ vs. ‘inactive’ β2-AR). We found that the conformational behaviour of W2866.48 is correlated with the pharmacological character of the ligand present in the binding cavity but not with the instantaneous conformation of the receptor. Namely, agonists promote the W2866.48 conformations that facilitate the increase of the solvation within the inner receptor channel. In contrast, antagonists and inverse agonists act toward the decrease of the solvation in the inner channel. This creates an opportunity for using computational methodologies in determining the pharmacological properties of various ligands. The combination of the time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy technique with the enhanced-sampling molecular dynamics simulations is shown to be a powerful tool for studying the ligand-induced conformational rearrangements in GPCRs.

Graphical abstract: Ligand-induced action of the W2866.48 rotamer toggle switch in the β2-adrenergic receptor

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Jul 2017, accepted on 28 Nov 2017 and first published on 29 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04808D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Ligand-induced action of the W2866.48 rotamer toggle switch in the β2-adrenergic receptor

    A. Plazinska, W. Plazinski, R. Luchowski, A. Wnorowski, W. Grudzinski and W. I. Gruszecki, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04808D

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