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Issue 36, 2017
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Sensing the framework state and guest molecules in MIL-53(Al) via the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of VIV dopant ions

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Abstract

X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) were combined to study the structural transformations induced by temperature, pressure and air humidity of the “breathing” metal–organic framework (MOF) MIL-53(Al), doped with paramagnetic VIV ions, after activation. The correlation between in situ XRD and thermogravimetric analysis measurements showed that upon heating this MOF in air, starting from ambient temperature and pressure, the narrow pore framework first dehydrates and after that makes the transition to a large pore state (lp). The EPR spectra of VIV[double bond, length as m-dash]O molecular ions, replacing Al–OH in the structure, also allow to distinguish the as synthesized, hydrated (np-h) and dehydrated narrow pore (np-d), and lp states of MIL-53(Al). A careful analysis of EPR spectra recorded at microwave frequencies between 9.5 and 275 GHz demonstrates that all VIV[double bond, length as m-dash]O in the np-d and lp states are equivalent, whereas in the np-h state (at least two) slightly different VIV[double bond, length as m-dash]O sites exist. Moreover, the lp MIL-53(Al) framework is accessible to oxygen, leading to a notable broadening of the VIV[double bond, length as m-dash]O EPR spectrum at pressures of a few mbar, while such effect is absent for the np-h and np-d states for pressures up to 1 bar.

Graphical abstract: Sensing the framework state and guest molecules in MIL-53(Al) via the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of VIV dopant ions

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Jul 2017, accepted on 19 Aug 2017 and first published on 21 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04760F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 24545-24554
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    Sensing the framework state and guest molecules in MIL-53(Al) via the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum of VIV dopant ions

    I. Nevjestić, H. Depauw, P. Gast, P. Tack, D. Deduytsche, K. Leus, M. Van Landeghem, E. Goovaerts, L. Vincze, C. Detavernier, P. Van Der Voort, F. Callens and H. Vrielinck, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 24545
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04760F

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