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A detailed experimental and theoretical investigation of the role of cyano groups in the π-bridged acceptor of sensitizers for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs)

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Abstract

Three donor–π conjugated unit–acceptor (D–π–A) type zinc porphyrin sensitizers LX1, LX2 and LX3 bearing meso acrylic acid, α-cyanoacrylic acid, and α-cyanopentadienoic acid, respectively, as the π-bridged acceptors were designed and synthesized for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The interesting role of the cyano group attached to the α position of the acrylic and pentadienoic acid acceptor was investigated. It was shown that even though the introduction of the cyano group and the elongation of the π-bridge can both increase the light-harvesting as indicated by the UV-vis absorption spectra, the relevant cell performance dropped significantly. The photo to power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of the devices increase in the order of LX1 > LX2 > LX3, with the highest PCE of 6.04% achieved for the LX1-based cell, which bears acrylic acid as the π-bridged acceptor. To further explore the effect of –CN and –CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CH– on the interaction between the absorbed dye and TiO2 substrates, their density of states (DOS) and partial density of states (PDOS), as well as electronic properties were investigated in detail using theoretical calculations. The results suggest that introducing the –CN group into the acceptor and extending the conjugation of the π-bridge have decreased the LUMO levels of the dyes, leading to weak interfacial coupling, low electron injection driving force, low Jsc, and thus poor cell performance.

Graphical abstract: A detailed experimental and theoretical investigation of the role of cyano groups in the π-bridged acceptor of sensitizers for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs)

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2017, accepted on 10 Oct 2017 and first published on 10 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04642A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    A detailed experimental and theoretical investigation of the role of cyano groups in the π-bridged acceptor of sensitizers for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs)

    Q. Xu, G. Yang, Y. Ren, F. Lu, N. Zhang, M. Qamar, M. Yang, B. Zhang and Y. Feng, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04642A

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