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Correlation between electronic structure, transport and electrochemical properties of a LiNi1−yzCoyMnzO2 cathode material

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Abstract

Herein, the correlation between electronic structure, transport and electrochemical properties of layered LixNi1−yzCoyMnzO2 cathode material is revealed. Comprehensive experimental studies of physicochemical properties of LixNi1−yzCoyMnzO2 cathode material (XRD, electrical conductivity, thermoelectric power) are supported by electronic structure calculations performed using the Korringa–Kohn–Rostoker method with the coherent potential approximation (KKR-CPA) to account for the chemical disorder. It is found that even small O defects (∼1%) could significantly modify electronic density of states DOS characteristics via the formation of extra broad peaks inside the former band gap leading to its substantial narrowing. The calculated DOS values and their changes near EF tend to support experimental findings with irregular changes in the sign of thermoelectric power as well as the behavior of electrical conductivity curves as a function of Li content. Furthermore, the variations of the electromotive force of the Li/Li+/LixNi1−yzCoyMnzO2 cell (for 0 < x < 1) remains in a quite good agreement with the relative variation of EF on DOS calculated from the KKR-CPA method.

Graphical abstract: Correlation between electronic structure, transport and electrochemical properties of a LiNi1−y−zCoyMnzO2 cathode material

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2017, accepted on 25 Aug 2017 and first published on 14 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04633B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article
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    Correlation between electronic structure, transport and electrochemical properties of a LiNi1−yzCoyMnzO2 cathode material

    J. Molenda, A. Milewska, W. Zając, M. Rybski and J. Tobola, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04633B

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