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Issue 33, 2017
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Compositional phase diagram and microscopic mechanism of Ba1−xCaxZryTi1−yO3 relaxor ferroelectrics

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Abstract

With extensive first-principles density-functional calculations, we construct a three-dimensional compositional phase diagram of Ba1−xCaxZryTi1−yO3 (BCZT) with the Ca and Zr content in the ranges of 0 ≤ xCa ≤ 0.2 and 0 ≤ yZr ≤ 1. Our calculations show that, when the Zr content increases, the difference in energy and difference in the structural parameters of the cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, and rhombohedral phases of BCZT are reduced. Eventually, all four phases merge into a multiphase with coexisting cubic structures (MPCCS) under Zr-rich conditions, indicating that BCZT undergoes phase transition from a normal ferroelectric (NFE) to a relaxor ferroelectric (RFE), consistent with experimental observations. The 3D diagram shows that the regions of merged and separated energy surfaces correspond to the regions of the RFE and NFE, respectively, which suggests that a MPCCS corresponds to a RFE. In addition, with the MPCCS model and Landau–Devonshire theory, we provide an interpretation of the high electromechanical properties of the BCZT relaxor ferroelectric and apply it to the classical local random field and micro–macro domain transition models.

Graphical abstract: Compositional phase diagram and microscopic mechanism of Ba1−xCaxZryTi1−yO3 relaxor ferroelectrics

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jul 2017, accepted on 27 Jul 2017 and first published on 27 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04530A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 22190-22196
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    Compositional phase diagram and microscopic mechanism of Ba1−xCaxZryTi1−yO3 relaxor ferroelectrics

    S. Liu, Y. Meng, S. Liu, D. Li, Y. Li, Y. Liu, Y. Shen and S. Wang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 22190
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04530A

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