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Issue 32, 2017
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Unusual cis-diprotonated forms and fluorescent aggregates of non-peripherally alkoxy-substituted metallophthalocyanines

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Abstract

Protonation and aggregation of two metallophthalocyanines (zinc and magnesium) non-peripherally substituted with 1,4,7-trioxanonyl moieties were studied by steady-state and time-resolved optical spectroscopy. Both compounds are easily protonated in organic solvents, but the central metal ion strongly affects the character of this process. In particular, the magnesium derivative forms the cis-diprotonated isomer observed for the first time in phthalocyanines, in contrast to its zinc counterpart which forms the typical trans-diprotonated isomer. In addition, studies performed on phthalocyanines substituted with n-butoxy groups at their non-peripheral positions indicated that the formation of the cis-diprotonated forms is a more common feature of alkoxy-substituted magnesium metallophthalocyanines, in contrast to derivatives with other metal ions. The cis-diprotonated forms of the magnesium derivatives are formed at much lower proton concentrations than the trans-diprotonated forms of their zinc counterparts. The cis-isomers were also found to have more advantageous photophysical properties for photoactive applications than the trans-isomers. Aggregation studies of the trioxanonyl phthalocyanines revealed that the magnesium derivative aggregates much more easily in non-coordinating solvents than its zinc counterpart. Both the derivatives form fluorescent aggregates, which is typically attributed to the presence of oxygen-to-metal intermolecular coordination preventing the formation of non-fluorescent face-to-face stacks. The results indicate that the oxygen-to-metal coordination plays a significant role in the studied systems and the stronger oxygen-coordination ability of magnesium ions compared to zinc ions may underlie the observed differences between the phthalocyanines metallated with these two ions.

Graphical abstract: Unusual cis-diprotonated forms and fluorescent aggregates of non-peripherally alkoxy-substituted metallophthalocyanines

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jun 2017, accepted on 24 Jul 2017 and first published on 24 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04321J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 21390-21400
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    Unusual cis-diprotonated forms and fluorescent aggregates of non-peripherally alkoxy-substituted metallophthalocyanines

    P. Kasprzycki, L. Sobotta, S. Lijewski, M. Wierzchowski, T. Goslinski, J. Mielcarek, C. Radzewicz and P. Fita, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 21390
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP04321J

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